GALLNUT

Gallnut

(Quercus Infectoria)

It is also known as Quercus infectoria or the Aleppo oak is a species of oak well known for producing galls (called manjakani in Malaysia, majuphal in India) that have been traditionally used for centuries in Asia medicinally while also used in softening leather and in making black dye and ink.A gallnut is a hardened ball of plant tissue that forms on oak trees.It is produced by the tree as a defense against parasitic wasps who lay their eggs in the branches.The tree secretes a liquid gall, mainly of tannins, that hardens to become the nut. Gallnuts are mostly found in China and Southeast Asia.It is primarily evident that gallnuts contain a number of bioactive metabolites, which account for anticancer activities.

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